The Netherlands is one of the most enlightened countries in the world.
History of Public Enlightenment
On 14 December 1570, The Hague was the first city to install 33 street lamps in the city center. This number remained the same for decades. Amsterdam followed almost 100 years later in 1669 with the installation of street lighting, led by Jan van der Heyden. It had developed an oil lamp in 1663, the (closed) reservoir of which did not overflow due to the warming oil. After a year, 1800 lanterns had already been placed or hung there. Street lights were made of oak during this time. Street lamps were made of cast iron in the eighteenth century.
At the end of the 18th century, Jan Pieter Minckeleers, Philippe Lebon and William Murdoch worked independently on a lamp that could burn on gas instead of petroleum, which until then was the most important form of lighting alongside candles. But all these lamps had to be lit one by one by a lantern button plug each evening. The London street Pall Mall was the first street with fixed gas lamps.
With the arrival of electricity, several street lamps could be operated simultaneously; a revolutionary development. Many cities later switched to time switches: the lights automatically switched on or off per district. In 1881, Godalming was the first European city with electric street lighting in England. Nuremberg followed on the continent in 1882 and in 1884 Timişoara in Austria-Hungary (now Romania). In 1886 Nijmegen was the first Dutch place with electric street lighting and in Belgium it was Borgerhout in 1887, Ninove was the first Flemish city to opt for electric lighting in 1890 in its entirety. Amsterdam had electric street lighting installed in 1916 by the Belgian refugees living in the city as a job creation project. In the early twentieth century the light bulb replaced the gas lamp and the less efficient electric lamps. After the Second World War, street lamps were made of steel and aluminum.
Number of lamp posts in the Netherlands
Meanwhile, there are roughly between 3 and 4 million lampposts in the Netherlands. According to figures from Rijkswaterstaat, the total consumption of public lighting in the Netherlands in 2017 is: +/- 64,694,447 kWh
The classic Friso Kramer fixtures (precursor of the Friso Kramer models from Lightwell) often have a PLL light tube, which has a consumption of approximately 26 Watt and lasts 10 years. The annual consumption is then approximately 109.2 kWh for 1 fixture, which costs the government € 6.55 in energy per year. The average of one Friso Smart LED model has a consumption of about 16 watts and lasts 25 years. That equals +/- 67.2 kWh per year and costs the government about € 4.03 per year in energy. 1kWh costs the government around 6 to 7 cents, which means a saving of € 2.52 per luminaire per year and in addition, this way of lighting lasts 2.5 times as long!
Where does our energy come from?
By far the most energy we use in the Netherlands (around 93 percent) comes from fossil fuels: oil, natural gas and coal. These fossil fuels are responsible for greenhouse gas emissions, and they also cause the necessary pollution. By far the most ePower stations generate electricity with coal, but this fuel produces twice as much CO2 than gas, for example.
- Coal is a cheap fuel.
- For the time being, it is still available in sufficient quantities throughout the world. It is estimated that stocks will run out in a few hundred years.
- The use of coal releases a great deal of CO2 and pollutants, making it a major contribution to climate change and acidification. The emission is about twice as high as with the use of natural gas for the electricity supply.
Lightwell & the climate agreement
Lightwell luminaires are smart, energy efficient and ready for the future if you want to contribute to it as a municipality climate agreement? or simply know more about saving energy in public spaces? Our luminaires are smart, energy efficient and ready for the future! Then take no obligation contact on with Lightwell.
Beaten from linseed or rapeseed. Oil grows, to please everyone who supplies fiber to the lamp, which discovers the light in the darkness.
Jan Luyken (1649-1712)
Winter 1669, Amsterdam got the world first: one type of street lamp.
This replica of the original Jan van der Heyden lantern, with oil lamp.
Friso Kramer I, a Modernist conical design from the end of the 20th century according to the traditions of the Bauhaus style.
Friso Kramer LED, a design reintroduced by Lightwell of the iconic Friso Kramer model with built-in sustainable ‘Smart Lighting System’.